International Political Harmony:
A Chinese Creation
This essay attempts to argue that China’s international political economy (IPE) reflects a new understanding of international relations theory (IRT) that can be partly defined by Western ideologies but constitutes an independent approach. China’s approach to global trade in the 21st century does possess numerous threads of thinking that resemble the Western IRT of Realism, Liberalism, and Marxism. None of those ideas can stand alone and adequately define how China assesses or acts about the phenomenon of globalization. Viewing China as a constructivist would, through identity and perspective, you can begin to see how Chinese thinkers are developing IRT through a uniquely Chinese narrative. Using resources about a perceived trade war with the United States will highlight the possible development of a new IRT built upon harmony and not solely based on the spectrum between self-interest and cooperation.
An original answer based on my Quora.com response.
Since the 1970’s, China, with the largest population worldwide, has been opening up its economy. Any industry it grows in is going to reverberate globally more so than other comparable nations because of the population alone. For example, look into the global scare that happened when textile regulation ended. Numerous countries were justifiably worried because of China’s population and expertise in textile.
In the 1990’s America further liberalized its economy with a sharp easing of regulation; this spurred American FDI (foreign direct investment) in other countries to soar. FDI can be thought of physically as actually building the factory and hiring the workers (all that takes an investment, right?). Because of deregulation, it was more profitable to move production to a place where it’s cheaper to produce and less expensive on labor. Why do they do this? American consumers demand quick, cheap and highly variable products. American companies are maximizing their profits and also trying to satisfy American consumers.
It’s as simple as that, and if you are told otherwise, please, critically question it.
60% of all Chinese exports are from foreign-owned companies. So, 60% of what China sells is because of foreign corporations desiring it. (A Trade War with China?, Neil Hughes, 2005).
As the world becomes more integrated globally, the divide in social wellbeing and sustainability grows. Current liberal ideologies within the global economy do not take into account the subtle and complex issues relating to the very people who operate the parts. As economies and industries grow and reorganize, labor is slacked off. The mere use of the word labor, one can argue, defocuses our thoughts on what labor actually is – people. National and international governing bodies seem unable or unwilling to properly maintain the wellbeing of its citizens. Exploitation of the international division of labor has effectively ushered in a global cast system, or less harshly an order of class. There are ways and thoughts that can be explored that address social responsibility. If the mere ideas of social responsibility are adopted, we can ensure the continuing supply of labor and possibly ease the awkwardness seen from a geographical perspective.