Access to the ability to achieve an elevated sense of livelihood is uneven within the broad process of globalization. This is especially true in a more knowledge-based economy, which seems to be the current norm. Inequality of this kind is not only between nation-states, but for each and every one of us within our respective countries. Using alternative theories such as dependency theory, international political economy and geographical political economy, the dynamics of inequality will be highlighted and explored. Incorporating material pertaining to neoliberal theory, hegemony, regimes, and denationalization will show the discord surrounding the causal effects of uneven development. These theories, however, do not disprove developmental inequality but rather add depth and nuance to the argument. Focused emphasis in the regions of Latin America, and Southeast Asia – including China and Japan – will be used to build a case-study. These regions will illuminate how uneven development looks within international systems, and possible methods of reaching a more sustainable equilibrium.
Socially Awkward: Social Responsibility in a more Integrated world
As the world becomes more integrated globally, the divide in social wellbeing and sustainability grows. Current liberal ideologies within the global economy do not take into account the subtle and complex issues relating to the very people who operate the parts. As economies and industries grow and reorganize, labor is slacked off. The mere use of the word labor, one can argue, defocuses our thoughts on what labor actually is – people. National and international governing bodies seem unable or unwilling to properly maintain the wellbeing of its citizens. Exploitation of the international division of labor has effectively ushered in a global cast system, or less harshly an order of class. There are ways and thoughts that can be explored that address social responsibility. If the mere ideas of social responsibility are adopted, we can ensure the continuing supply of labor and possibly ease the awkwardness seen from a geographical perspective.